Biological Importance of Water
Water is the mother liquid of all forms of life. The essentiality of water for living systems is quite evident as without water, there is no life. No other substance on earth is abundant as water. All aspects of cell structure and functions are adapted to the physical and chemical properties of water. The following are the important biological significance or importance of water in the living system.
(1). Water is a ‘universal solvent’.
(2). Water can dissolve most of the biologically important molecules.
(3). It is the solvent of life. The life originated in water and adapted to survive only in the presence of water.
(4). About 70 to 90% of a cell occupies water.
(5). Water acts as a medium for the diffusion of molecules in the cell.
(6). Osmotic concentration of cell is maintained by water and dissolved solutes.
(7). The turgidity of the cell is maintained by the water.
(8). Translocation of inorganic and organic compounds in the living system takes place through the water.
(9). Carbohydrates, the product of photosynthesis, in plants are transported through the water.
(10). Water is the source of H+ ions for photosynthesis.