Botany lecture notes

Similarities and Differences between Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms


Gymnosperm vs Pteridophytes

Pteridophytes vs Gymnosperms
(Similarities and Differences between Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms)

Pteridophytes:

Pteridophytes are a group of primitive land plants belongs to Cryptogams. They are the first plant group with vascular tissue for the conduction of water and food materials and hence they are called as Vascular Cryptogams.

Gymnosperms:

Gymnosperms are a group of primitive seed-producing plants of Spermatophytes (Phanerogams). They are ‘Naked-Seed’ Plants characterized by naked ovules (i.e., ovule without the ovary). The ovules of Gymnosperms are borne directly on the surface of the megasporophyl. Since ovary is absent, Gymnosperms do not produce fruits.

Pteridophytes occupy the intermediate position between Bryophytes and Gymnosperms (seed plants). Gymnosperms were believed to be originated from the Pteridophytes in the Devonian period (419 to 359 million years ago) of Paleozoic Era. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms share many characteristics. In the previous posts, we discussed the General Characters of Bryophytes Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. In this post, we will discuss the Similarities and Differences between Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms with Comparison Table.

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Botany lecture notes

Classification of Gymnosperms PPT (Chamberlain System – 1934)


Plant Science PPT

Classification of Gymnosperms PPT
(Chamberlain System of Classification of Gymnosperms – 1934)

Classification of Gymnosperms, Outline of the history of Classification of Gymnosperms, Chamberlain System of Classification of Gymnosperms, Class Cycadophyt and Coniferophyt, Order Cycadofilicales (Pteridospermales) Cycdeoidales (Bennettitles) and Cycdales, Order Cordaitales, Ginkgoales, Coniferales and Gnetales.

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Botany lecture notes

Classification of Gymnosperms by Chamberlain (1934)


Classification of Gymnosperms

Classification of Gymnosperms
The Chamberlain System – 1934

Brief history of the classification of Gymnosperms:

There are many systems for the classification of Gymnosperms in the literature. Robert Brown (1827) for the first time recognized Gymnosperms as a separate group of plants. Bentham and Hooker (1883) placed Gymnosperms between Dicots and Monocots in their classification (General Plantarum). Van Tieghman (1898) gave the status of Major Division to the Gymnosperms. Tieghman also divided the whole Spermatophyta (seed plants) into two divisions namely Gymnosperms (Astigmatae) and Angiosperms (Stigmatae). Coulter and Chamberlain in 1912 divided the division Gymnosperms directly into seven orders namely (1) Cycadofilicales, (2) Bennettitales, (3) Cycadales, (4) Cordaitales, (5) Ginkoales, (6) Coniferales and (7) Gnetales.

Classification of Gymnosperms by Chamberlain (1934)

Ø  Chamberlain (1934) divided the Gymnosperms into TWO classes and each class into orders.

Ø  Gymnosperms were divided into TWO classes:

(1).      Cycadophyta

(2).      Coniferophyta

Chamberlain System of Classification

Class I : Cycadophyta

Ø  Class Cycadophyta includes both fossil and living forms.

Ø  The stem is unbranched and stumpy.

Ø  Leaves are large and pinnately compound.

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Gymnosperm Characteristics PPT


Plant Science PPT

Gymnosperms General Characters PPT
(General Characteristics, Life Cycle and Reproduction of Gymnosperms PPT)

What are Gymnosperms? Characteristics of Gymnosperms, Morphology of Gymnosperms, Reproduction of Gymnosperms, Anatomy of Gymnosperms, Male Cone and Female Cone, Microsporophyll and Megasporophyll, Microsporangium and Megasporangium, Megaspore and Microspores of Gymnosperms; Male and Female Gametophytes of Gymnosperms, Fertilization, Zygote and Embryo development of Gymnosperms, Life Cycle and Alternation of Generation of Gymnosperms

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Botany lecture notes

General Characters of Gymnosperms (Lecture Notes with PPT)


characteristics gymnosperms

Gymnosperms – Characteristics
(Morphology, Reproduction and Life Cycle of Gymnosperms with PPT)

Gymnosperms are primitive seed-producing plants of Spermatophytes (Phanerogams). They are ‘Naked-Seed’ Plants. The term is derived from two Greek words: ‘gymnos’ meaning naked and ‘sperma’ meaning seeds. They are characterized by naked ovules (i.e., ovule without the ovary). The ovules of Gymnosperms are borne directly on the surface of the megasporophyls. Unlike Angiosperms, in Gymnosperms the seeds are NOT enclosed in the fruit. Thus the Gymnosperms are also known as “Phanerogams without ovary”.

seeds of gymnosperms

General Characteristics of Gymnosperms

Distribution

Ø  Gymnosperms are a small ancient group of seed plants consisting of 83 genera and 1080 species.

Ø  Distribution: Temperate and Tropical regions.

Ø  Gymnosperms were originated in the Paleozoic Era (541 – 252 million years ago).

Ø  They were the dominant plants of Jurassic and Cretaceous periods of the Mesozoic era.

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