Introduction to Genetics: Genetics Terminologies
(Concept of Genetics: Definition of Terminologies in Genetics)
What is genetics?
Ø Genetics: Genetics is the study of Heredity and Variation of Inherited Characters.
Ø Heredity: The tendency offspring to resemble their parents is called heredity.
Ø Variation: The tendency of offspring to vary from their parents is called variation.
Ø The term ‘Genetics’ was coined by William Bateson in 1905
Ø Genetics is a relatively young branch of biological science.
Ø The study of genetics started with the work of Gregor Johan Mendel (Father of Modern Genetics)
Ø Today, many modern branches of genetics are there such as Cytogenetics, Molecular Genetics, Phylogenetics, Developmental Genetics and Behavioral Genetics.