Notification of CSIR JRF NET, Life Science Examination

GATE 2017 Notification Apply Online

gate 2017 dates to remember

GATE 2017 Notification
(Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

Applications are invited from eligible candidates for the GATE 2017 Examination in various Disciplines. This time the organizing institution is IIT Roorkee. Admissions to Postgraduate Courses (Master’s and Doctoral) with MHRD and other Government Scholarships/Assistantships in Engineering technology/ Architecture / Science are open to those who qualify in GATE exam. The GATE score is also used by some PSUs for their recruitment. The validity of GATE 2017 score shall be for three years.

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Botany lecture notes

Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi (Comparison Table)


difference between fungi and algae

Algae vs Fungi
Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi

Algae and fungi are thallophytic cryptogams of plant Kingdom. Both algae and fungi share many common characteristics and thus they are treated in the same division Thallophyta of Cryptogams according to Eichler’s Classification. Even though they are in same class, thallophyta, they also show some distinct differences particularly in their mode of nutrition, physiology and reproduction. This post describes what are the Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi.

Similarities between Algae and Fungi

Ø  Both algae and fungi are thallophytes (plant body not differentiated into root, stem and leaves)

Ø  Both algae and fungi are placed together in the division thallophyta of cryptogams

Ø  With the exception of blue green algae, majority of algae and fungi are eukaryotic

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Botany lecture notes

Reproduction in Fungi- Part-3: Sexual Reproduction (Lecture Notes & PPT)


methods of sexual reproduction in fungi

Sexual Reproduction in Fungi

Ø  Fungi reproduce by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods

Ø  This post describes the Sexual Reproduction methods in fungi

Ø  Sexual reproduction takes place in all groups of fungi except Deuteromycetes

Ø  Fungi may be monoecious (bisexual) or dioecious (unisexual)

Ø  Moneoecious species produce two sex organs (male and female) in the same thallus, thus they are called homothallic

Ø  Dioecious forms produces sex organs in separate thalli, hence called heterothallic

Ø  Based on the complexity of sexual reproduction, fungi can be grouped into two categories:

(1). Eukarpic fungi

(2). Holocarpic fungi

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Botany lecture notes

Reproduction in Fungi- Part-2: Asexual Reproduction (Lecture Notes & PPT)


Spores in fungi

Asexual Reproduction in Fungi

Ø  Fungi reproduce by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods

Ø  This post describes different types of ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION methods in fungi

Ø  About 20% fungi propagate only by asexual means

Ø  Asexual reproduction take places during favorable condition by the formation of a variety of spores

Ø  Such spores produced by asexual reproduction are called mitospores

Ø  Spores may be unicellular (Aspergillus, Penicillium) or Multicellular (Alternaria, Cercospora)

Ø  Based on the number of cells in spores, asexual spores of fungi are classified into:

1. Amerospore: one celled spores

2. Didymospore: two celled spores

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Botany lecture notes

Reproduction in Fungi- Part-1: Vegetative Reproduction (Lecture Notes & PPT)


how fungi reproduce vegetatively

Vegetative Reproduction in Fungi

Ø  Fungi reproduce by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods

Ø  This post describes different types of Vegetative reproduction methods in fungi

Ø  Vegetative reproduction helps to increase the number of individuals in the population

Ø  Vegetative reproduction in fungi occurs by:

(1). Fragmentation

(2). Fission

(3). Bud fission

(4). Budding

(5). Gemmae

(6). Sclerotia

(7). Rhizomorphs

(8). Mycelial cords

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