Botany lecture notes

Difference between Protoxylem and Metaxylem: A Comparison Table

classification of xylem

Protoxylem vs Metaxylem
Similarities and Differences between Protoxylem and Metaxylem

Vascular bundles (fascicles) are the component of the stelar system in higher plants and their main function is the conduction of water, minerals and food materials. Typically the vascular bundle composed of xylem and phloem arranged together as bundles. In a young stem, both in dicots and monocots, the xylem of vascular bundles are differentiated into PROTOXYLEM and METAXYLEM based on the structural and functional difference of their elements.

The present post describes the similarities and differences between Protoxylem and Metaxylem in a primary vascular bundle of a young stem.

Similarities between Protoxylem and Metaxylem

Ø  Both protoxylem and metaxylem can conduct water and minerals.

Ø  Both components contain living and dead cells.

Ø  Both are developed from the primary meristem, the pro-cambium.

Ø  Both contain tracheids, vessels and parenchyma.

Ø  Protoxylem and metaxylem develop only in primary vascular bundles.

Differences between Protoxylem and Metaxylem

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