Botany lecture notes

Apical Meristem in Shoot: Structure and Organization


Shoot Apical Meristem
Apical Organization of Shoot Meristem

Apical meristem

Ø  Apical meristem is a patch of meristematic tissue present in the apex (tips) of shoot and roots in plants.  

Shoot apex:

Ø  Shoot apex is the growing tip of the stem.

Ø  It is an undifferentiated region with meristematic cells.

Ø  From this region the plant growth proceeds.

Ø  The shoot apex also produces lateral organs such as leaves, branches and flowers.

Ø  Below the apical meristem, different tissue zones are progressively differentiated.


Tissue zones in the shoot apex

Ø  Three main tissue zones are present on the shoot apex of plants, they are:

$.  Protoderm: Protoderm gives rise to the epidermis of the plant.

$.   Procambium: Procambium gives rise to primary vascular tissue (xylem & phloem).

$.   Ground meristem (fundamental meristem): The ground meristem gives rise endodermis, pericycle, cortex, medulla and pith.

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Botany lecture notes

Anatomical Difference between Dicot (Dorsiventral) Leaf and Monocot (Isobilateral) Leaf – Comparison Table

Difference between Dorsiventral and Isobilateral Leaf

Dicot Leaf vs Monocot Leaf
(Difference between Dorsiventral and Isobilateral Leaf)

Dicot leaves are also called as dorsiventral leaves because they possess distinct dorsal and ventral sides. Monocot leaves are called isobilateral leaves since both the sides of monocot leaves are more or less similar. Dicot and monocot leaves show considerable differences both in their morphological and anatomical characteristics. The present post discusses the Difference between Dicot and Monocot Leaf with a Comparison Table.

dicot and monocot leaf

Difference between Dicot and Monocot Leaf

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