Similarities & Differences between DNA and RNA – A Comparison Table
We wish to suggest a structure for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA).
This structure has novel features which are of considerable biological interest.
Watson & Crick, 1953
DNA and RNA are the two types of nucleic acids (a class of macromolecules in the cells) present in all prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Both are essentially the polymers of nucleotides and have immense role in the storage and expression of genetic information in an organism. DNA and RNA allow the storage of genetic information for long period of time without any changes in the genetic constitution of the organism. The presence of two categories of nucleotides also allows the decoding of genetic information during protein synthesis by the process of transcription and translation. The current post describes the similarities and differences between DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid).
Similarities between DNA and RNA
Ø Both DNA and RNA can acts as genetic material.
Ø Both are polymers of nucleotides.
Ø Both DNA and RNA are linear structures with secondary and super-secondary arrangements.
Ø Both contain purines and pyrimidines.
Ø Both DNA and RNA contain pentose sugar.
Ø In DNA and RNA the adjacent nucleotides are connected by 3’-5’ phosphodiester bonds.
Ø Both DNA and RNA absorb UV light at 260 nm.
Ø Both DNA and RNA contain hydrogen bonds