Botany lecture notes

Similarities and Difference between Bryophyte and Algae (A Comparison Table)

difference between bryophytes and algae

Algae Vs Bryophytes

Bryophytes are the most primitive land plants. They are immediate between aquatic and terrestrial life. Even though bryophytes are well adapted for the land life they require the presence of water for the completion of their life cycle. Most of the evolutionary biologists believe that bryophytes were originated from Algae. This belief is strongly supported by the similarities of many characters in algae and bryophytes. This post describes the similarities and major difference between algae and bryophytes.

Similarities between Algae and Bryophytes

(1).      In both groups the plant body is thalloid and undifferentiated.

(2).      Plant body is not differentiated into root, stem and leaves in both groups

(3).      Gametophytic generation is the prominent phase in life cycle in both groups

(4).      True roots are absent in both groups of algae and bryophytes

(5).      Both groups are autotrophic in nutrition

(6).      In both algae and bryophytes major photosynthetic pigments are chlorophyll a, b and carotenes

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Botany lecture notes

Characteristics of Bryophytes (Life Cycle and Reproduction of Phylum Bryophyta)

Characters of Bryophytes

Mosses and Liverworts General Characteristics (Key points with PPT)

Ø  Bryophytes are the most simplest and most primitive land plants

Ø  Name bryophyte is derived from two words; ‘Bryon’ = moss; ‘phyton’ = plant

Ø  At present the phylum Bryophyta includes  ~ 960 genera and ~ 24000 species

Habit and Habitat of Bryophytes

Ø  They are cosmopolitan in distribution

Ø  Bryophytes are quite uncommon in marine environments

Ø  Bryophytes are terrestrial plants but require water at every stages in their life cycle

Ø  They grow usually in moist and shady places

Ø  They fail to complete its life cycle in the absence of water

Ø  Few bryophytes are truly aquatic and underwater forms(example Riccia fluitans)

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