Botany lecture notes

Anatomy of Monocot Stem: Key Points with PPT


ts of monocot stem

Internal Structure of Monocot Stem (Transverse Section, T.S.)

The anatomy or internal structure of a monocot stem can be studied by a Transverse Section (T.S.) taken through the internode of a monocot plant such as grass, bamboo, maize, Asparagus etc. The main difference of monocot stem from dicot stem is that, here in monocots the ground tissue is NOT differentiated into Cortex and Endodermis. The anatomical features of a typical monocot stem are summarized as key points below:

@. The T.S. of a monocot stem is usually circular in outline

@. Typically a monocot stem consist of FOUR tissue systems.

(1).  Dermal tissue system

(2).  Hypodermal tissue system

(3). Ground tissue system

(4). Vascular tissue system

(1). Dermal tissue system

@. Dermal tissue system constitute the epidermis

@. Epidermis forms the outermost layer

@. Usually the epidermis is single layered and made up of parenchymatous cells

@. Epidermal cells are compactly packed without any inter-cellular spaces

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Free Net Life Science Study Materials

CSIR NET Exam June 2016 Life Science Original Solved Question Paper (PDF Download)


net life science june 2015 question paper

Official / Original Previous Year (Old) Solved Question Paper of CSIR Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and National Eligibility Test (NET) Life Sciences (XL) Examination June 2016  with Answer Key and Explanations as PDF. CSIR aspirants can download the question paper as single PDF file for your exam preparation. Please feel free to inform us for any mistakes in the answer key provided.

Download All Previous Year NET Solved Papers: NET Life Science Old Papers (Solved - PDF - Download)

To download the question paper as a single PDF file, please click on the link below.

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Notification of CSIR JRF NET, Life Science Examination

GATE 2017 Notification Apply Online

gate 2017 dates to remember

GATE 2017 Notification
(Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

Applications are invited from eligible candidates for the GATE 2017 Examination in various Disciplines. This time the organizing institution is IIT Roorkee. Admissions to Postgraduate Courses (Master’s and Doctoral) with MHRD and other Government Scholarships/Assistantships in Engineering technology/ Architecture / Science are open to those who qualify in GATE exam. The GATE score is also used by some PSUs for their recruitment. The validity of GATE 2017 score shall be for three years.

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Botany lecture notes

Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi (Comparison Table)


difference between fungi and algae

Algae vs Fungi
Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi

Algae and fungi are thallophytic cryptogams of plant Kingdom. Both algae and fungi share many common characteristics and thus they are treated in the same division Thallophyta of Cryptogams according to Eichler’s Classification. Even though they are in same class, thallophyta, they also show some distinct differences particularly in their mode of nutrition, physiology and reproduction. This post describes what are the Similarities and Difference between Algae and Fungi.

Similarities between Algae and Fungi

Ø  Both algae and fungi are thallophytes (plant body not differentiated into root, stem and leaves)

Ø  Both algae and fungi are placed together in the division thallophyta of cryptogams

Ø  With the exception of blue green algae, majority of algae and fungi are eukaryotic

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