What is Science?
(The Concept of Science and Scientific Knowledge)
“Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and
I’m not sure about the former…”
What is science?
Ø Definition of science: Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world.
Ø The word ‘science’ is originated from a Latin term ‘scientia’ = KNOWLEDGE.
Ø Philosophically science is an attempt to understand, explain and predict the world we live.
Ø Religions also attempt to understand & explain the world. However, religions are NOT considered as science.
What is Knowledge?
Ø Definition of Knowledge: The expertise and skills acquired by a person by experience or education (Oxfd. Dict.).
Ø Knowledge is the Theoretical or Practical understanding of a subject gained through complex cognitive processes.
Ø The cognitive processes to acquire the knowledge are Perception, Learning, Memory, Experience and Judgment.
Ø Knowledge is the comprehension (conception) of realities of the Universe.
What is Epistemology?
Ø Epistemology is a branch of philosophy which deals with the study of KNOWLEDGE.
Ø Epistemology analyzes the nature of knowledge and how it relates truth, belief and justification.