Properties of Alpha Rays, Beta Rays and Gamma Rays
Unstable atoms on radioactive decay emit particles such as alpha particles, beta particles and gamma rays. These are energy particles, and by producing these energy-rich particles the unstable radioactive atom tries to attain atomic stability. The present post discusses the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of alpha, beta and gamma particles.
Ø They are also called alpha rays, designated as α2+.
Ø Alpha rays consist of two protons and two neutrons bound tougher into particles.
Ø They are identical to the helium nucleus.
Ø They are produced by the alpha decay of radioactive materials.
Ø They are positively charged particles.
Ø Contain 2 positive charges.