Botany lecture notes

Difference between Hardwood and Softwood


Difference between Porous and Nonporous Wood

Hardwood vs Softwood
(Similarities and Differences between Soft Wood and Hard Wood)

Anatomically ‘wood’ is the secondary xylem of plants. Commercially there are two categories of wood based on its source. They are (1) Hardwood and (2) Softwood.

(1). Hardwood: The wood of dicot Angiosperms is called hardwood. Hardwood and heavy since it contains plenty of wood fibres (fibre tracheids and libriform fibres).

(2). Softwood: The wood of Gymnosperms is called softwood. The softwood mainly composed of tracheids and wood rays (parenchyma).

List of Hardwood trees: Teak, Rosewood, Mahogany, Oak, Sal-tree, Alnus, American chestnut etc.

List of Softwood trees: Araucaria (monkey puzzle tree), Cedar, Cypress, Fir (Abies), Pine (Pinus), Larch (Larix) etc.

The present post discuss the similarities and differences between Hardwood and Softwood with a Comparison Table

Similarities between Hardwood and Softwood

Ø  Both hardwood and softwood are secondary xylem.

Ø  Both contain tracheids and parenchyma.

Ø  Both are heavy and hard.

Ø  Both kinds of woods are economically valuable as timbers.

Difference between Softwood and hardwood

Difference between Hardwood and Softwood

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