Karyotype, Karyotyping and Preparation of Idiogram
What is a Karyotype?
All species are characterized by a set of chromosomes to carry their genetic information. The chromosomal composition of each species has a number of characteristics. The Karyotype is a set of characteristics that identifies and describes a particular set of chromosome. These characteristics which are described by a karyotype are:-
(1). The chromosome number
(2). Relative size of different chromosomes
(3). Position of centromere and length of chromosomal arms
(4). Presence of secondary constrictions and satellites
(5). Banding pattern of the chromosome
(6). Features of sex chromosomes
What is Karyotyping? How to Prepare the Karyotype of Human?
Ø The process of preparation of the karyotype of a species is called Karyotyping.
Ø Karyotyping is now most commonly used in clinical diagnosis and clinical genetics.
Ø Karyotype is prepared from the microphotographs of metaphase chromosomes.