Difference between the Cell Wall of Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria
Most of the bacterial cells are surrounded by a thick rigid cell wall. The cell wall provides shape to the cell and protects the bacteria from changes in the osmotic pressure. Peptidoglycan (murein) is the principal component of the bacterial cell wall and it is responsible for the shape and extreme tough nature of the cell wall.
Based on the characteristics of the cell wall, the bacterial cells are classified into Gram Positive and Gram Negative, primarily based on the classical staining reaction called Gram Staining. In the previous post we have discussed about the Similarities and Differences between Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria. Both Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial possess cell wall, however, their structural organization, chemical and physical properties varies. In general, the cell wall of Gram positive bacteria has simpler chemical structures compared to the Gram negative bacteria. The present post discusses the Differences between the Cell Wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria with a comparison table.