Botany lecture notes

Meristematic Tissue: Structure and Classification (Key Points)


different types of meristematic tissues

What are meristems?

Ø  Meristem is a type plant tissue composed of an undifferentiated mass of cells.

Ø  They are rapidly dividing cells found in the growing portions of the plant and they give rise various plant organs.

Ø  The primary function of meristem is to assist in plant growth.

Ø  Living cells other than meristem can also give rise new cells; however, the meristems carry on such activity indefinitely.

Ø  Meristematic cells not only add new cells to the plant body but also perpetuate themselves.

Ø  Meristematic cells when divide, some portions of division do not differentiate into adult cells but remain meristematic.

Ø  The term meristem was first proposed by Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli (1817–1891) in his book Beiträge zur Wissenschaftlichen Botanik (“Contributions to Scientific Botany”).

Ø  The word meristem is derived from a Greek word ‘merizein’ meaning ‘to divide’.

Characteristics of Meristematic Cells

Ø  The characteristic features of meristematic cells are summarized in the post: Characteristic Features of Meristematic Cells

Classification of meristems

Ø  Meristems are classified according to TWO criterions

(1). Classification based on position in the plant body

§  Apical meristem

§  Lateral meristem

§  Intercalary meristem

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Job opportunities in biology life sciences

Botany Lecturer (Assistant Professor) Job Vacancy Notification by Kerala PSC (Category No: 278/2016)


lecture jobs in botany

Online applications are invited (Online Only through Kerala PSC ‘ONE TIME REGISTRATION’) from qualified candidates for appointment of Botany Lecturers/Assistant Professors under Collegiate Education Department, Govt. of Kerala

Department: Collegiate Education

Name of post: Lecturer / Assistant Professor in Botany

Scale of pay: UGC Scale (15600 – 6000 (AGP) – 39100

Number of vacancies: 6 (Six) + anticipated vacancies may arise in the future

Method of appointment: Direct Recruitment

Age Limit: 22-40. Only candidates born between 02.01.1976 and 01.01.1994 (both dates included) are eligible to apply for this post with usual age relaxation to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other Backward Communities. The Upper age limit prescribed shall be raised by 5 years in the case of OX candidates who were converted to Christianity from the adult members of SC community and their children. The above concessions in upper age limits are available subject to the condition that the maximum age limit shall in no case exceed 50 (Fifty) years.

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Botany lecture notes

Anatomy of Monocot Stem: Key Points with PPT


ts of monocot stem

Internal Structure of Monocot Stem (Transverse Section, T.S.)

The anatomy or internal structure of a monocot stem can be studied by a Transverse Section (T.S.) taken through the internode of a monocot plant such as grass, bamboo, maize, Asparagus etc. The main difference of monocot stem from dicot stem is that, here in monocots the ground tissue is NOT differentiated into Cortex and Endodermis. The anatomical features of a typical monocot stem are summarized as key points below:

@. The T.S. of a monocot stem is usually circular in outline

@. Typically a monocot stem consist of FOUR tissue systems.

(1).  Dermal tissue system

(2).  Hypodermal tissue system

(3). Ground tissue system

(4). Vascular tissue system

(1). Dermal tissue system

@. Dermal tissue system constitute the epidermis

@. Epidermis forms the outermost layer

@. Usually the epidermis is single layered and made up of parenchymatous cells

@. Epidermal cells are compactly packed without any inter-cellular spaces

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Free Net Life Science Study Materials

CSIR NET Exam June 2016 Life Science Original Solved Question Paper (PDF Download)


net life science june 2015 question paper

Official / Original Previous Year (Old) Solved Question Paper of CSIR Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and National Eligibility Test (NET) Life Sciences (XL) Examination June 2016  with Answer Key and Explanations as PDF. CSIR aspirants can download the question paper as single PDF file for your exam preparation. Please feel free to inform us for any mistakes in the answer key provided.

To download the question paper as a single PDF file, please click on the link below.

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