Free Net Life Science Study Materials

CSIR JRF NET Exam Minimum Cut-off Percentage of Last Five Years (A Comparison)


net june 2016 cut off marks

Joint CSIR UGC JRF NET Examination

Category wise minimum cut-off percentage of Joint CSIR UGC JRF NET Examination in different disciplines (Life Science, Chemical Science, Earth Science, Mathematical Science, Physical Science and Engineering Science) for the selection of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Eligibility for Lectureship (NET) of June and December batches (December 2011 onwards). The comparison of cutoff marks may help you to build confidence to face the examination. As you can see there is no fixed cut-off percentage for the JRF Fellowship and Lectureship examination. The minimum cutoff percentage varies every time, every year. CSIR have mentioned that there are no separate cutoff marks for section A, B and C part of the paper. The cumulative percentage of all parts is taken into consideration for the preparation of final rank list.

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Botany lecture notes

Nutrition in Fungi Key Points with PPT (Saprophytic, Parasitic, Symbiotic and Predator Fungi)


nutrition in fungi

Ø  Fungi are heterotrophic in nutrition

Ø  They are chlorophyll deficient plants and hence they cannot manufacture carbohydrates using carbon dioxide, water and sunlight

Ø  Fungi are with simple structural organization, thus they always depends on dead or living organic matter for their energy requirements

Ø  On the basis of mode of nutrition, fungi are classified into four groups:

(1). Saprophytes

(2). Parasites

(3). Symbionts

(4). Predacious fungi

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Botany lecture notes

Hyphal Modifications in Fungi (Mycelial Aggregations in Fungi)


mycelial aggregations in fungi

Modifications of Mycelium in Fungi

Ø  In majority of fungi, hyphae are simple

Ø  In some advanced fungi, hyphae may undergo certain modification in response to functional needs

Ø  Hyphal modifications are hyphal aggregations are required to do specific functions during the life cycle of fungi

Ø  Important hyphal modifications in fungi are:

(1). Prosenchyma

(2). Pseudoparenchyma

(3). Rhizomorphs (Mycelial cords)

(4). Sclerotium (pl. Sclerotia)

(5). Appressorium (pl. Appressoria)

(6). Haustorium (pl. Haustoria)

(7). Stroma

(8). Snares (hyphal traps)

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Botany lecture notes

Kingdom Fungi: General Characteristics (Key points with PPT)


general characters of fungi ppt

Fungi- Definition, Examples, Structure, Classification & Reproduction

What are fungi? How fungi differ from other plants?

Ø  Fungi (fungus) in Latin literally means mushrooms

Ø  Fungi are eukaryotic organisms with true nucleus and membrane bounded organelles

Ø  They are non-vascular Cryptogams included in Thallophyta along with algae due to their undifferentiated plant body.

Ø  Study of fungi is called mycology and the one who study fungi is called Mycologist

Ø  The word in Latin ‘mykes’ means fungus

Ø  Kingdom fungi includes about 5100 genera and 50,000 species

Ø  Fungi are heterotrophs since they lack chlorophyll

Ø  Fungi cannot synthesize their own carbohydrates using, carbohydrates, water and sunlight.

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TIFR GS MSc Wildlife Conservation

GS Biology 2016 MSc in Wild Life and Conservation Biology Entrance Test Previous Paper + Answer Key


GS Biology Wildlife Conservation Question Paper

GS Biology 2016: M.Sc. Wildlife and Conservation Biology Question Paper and Answer Key: Official / Original Previous Year (Old) Solved Question Paper of TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research) JGEEBILS (Joint Graduate Entrance Examination for Biology and Interdisciplinary Life Sciences) GS Biology Examination 2016 with Answer Key and Explanations as PDF. GS Biology aspirants can download the question paper as single PDF file for your exam preparation. Please feel free to inform us for any mistakes in the answer key provided.

To download the question paper, please click on the download button below.

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