Difference between Short Day Plants and Long Day Plants – Comparison Table


Long day vs Short day Plants

Short-Day Plants vs Long-Day Plants
(Similarities and Differences between Short-Day Plants and Long-Day Plants)

Photoperiodism is the response of plants (or any organism) to the lengths of dark and light periods in a day. The changes in the duration of light and dark periods in a day are called photoperiods. In plants, the photoperiodism induces flowering. Based on the response towards photoperiodism, the plants are classified into two categories – Short-day plants (SDPs) and Long-day plants (LDPs).

Short-day plants (SDPs): These plants flower only in short days or their flowering is induced by short days. These plants cannot flower under the short nights.

Long-day plants (LDPs): These plants flower only in long days or their flowering is induced by long days.

The present post discusses the Difference between Short-day plants and Long-day plants with a Comparison Table.

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Difference between Phototropism and Photoperiodism – Comparison Table


Phototropism vs Photoperiodism

Phototropism vs Photoperiodism
Similarities and Differences between Phototropism and Photoperiodism in Plants

Phototropism: Phototropism is the growth or movement of plants (or any organism) in response to light. Phototropism can be of two different types – (1) Positive Phototropism – movement towards the source of light, (2) Negative phototropism – movement away from the light. Negative phototropism is also called as Skototropism.

Photoperiodism: Photoperiodism is the response of plants (or any organism) to the lengths of dark and light periods in a day. The changes in the duration of light and dark periods in a day are called photoperiods. In plants, the photoperiodism induces flowering.

What is Phototropism

The present post discusses the Similarities and Differences between Phototropism and Photoperiodism

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Difference between the Physiological Response of Auxins and Gibberellins in Plants


Compare Effect Auxin Gibberellin

Physiological Effects of Auxins vs Gibberellins
(Difference between the Physiological Effects of Auxins and Gibberellins in Plants)

Auxins and Gibberellins are two major classes of plant hormones. Both hormones significantly influence the growth and various developmental processes in plants such as organogenesis, root initiation, sex expression, flowering etc. The physiological responses of Auxins and Gibberellins show many differences. The present post discusses the difference between the physiological effects of Auxins and Gibberellins in plants with a comparison table.

Difference between the Effects of Auxins and Gibberellins

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Difference between the Physiological Effects of Gibberellic Acid and Abscisic Acid – Comparison Table


Compare effects of GA and ABA

Gibberellic Acid (GA) vs Abscisic Acid (ABA)
(Difference between the Physiological Effects of Gibberellic acid and Abscisic Acid in Plants)

Gibberellin (Gibberellic Acid) and Abscisic Acid (ABA) are two important plant hormones. Plant Hormones also called ‘Phytohormones’ or ‘Plant Growth Substances’, are signaling molecules produced in very minute quantities in the plants that have immense physiological and metabolic effects. They regulate the growth and development of plants.

The present post discusses the Difference between the Physiological effects of Gibberellin (Gibberellic Acid) and Abscisic Acid (ABA) in plants with a Comparison Table.

Gibberellic Acid: Gibberellic acid or gibberellin, abbreviated as GA, is a major phytohormone produced by some plants and microbes (fungi) which promote the growth and cell elongation. Gibberellic acid was first identified in Japan as a metabolic by-product of a plant pathogenic fungus called Gibberella fujikuroi. The infection of rice plants with this fungi cause a disease called ‘bakane’ meaning ‘foolish seedlings’. The diseased plants will grow much taller than the normal and they eventually die because they are not sturdy enough to support their own weight. The excessive elongation of the internodes in these infected plants was found be to be due to the effect of Gibberellic acid produced by the pathogen.

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Difference between Cyclic and Noncyclic Photophosphorylation – Comparison Table


compare cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation

Cyclic Photophosphorylation vs Non-cyclic Photophosphorylation
(Similarities and Differences between Cyclic and Non-cyclic Photophosphorylation)

The process of photosynthesis is completed in two main steps – Light reaction and Dark reaction. The Light reaction is the light-dependent reaction where the assimilatory powers (ATP and reduced coenzymes) are generated in the grana of chloroplasts. During the light reaction, photolysis of water and evolution of oxygen take place. In the dark reaction (light independent reaction), the assimilatory powers synthesized in the light reaction are utilized to reduce the CO2 to carbohydrates.

During the light reaction, energy in the sunlight is captured by the reaction centers of photosystems (PS I and/or PS II) and they expel electrons with high energy. These electrons then pass through a series of complexes called Electron Transport System (ETS) to synthesize the assimilatory powers. During the pathway of electrons through the ETS, phosphorylation reaction occurs at specific points which results in the synthesis of energy-rich APT molecules. Since this phosphorylation is occurring in presence of light, it is called photophosphorylation. Depending upon the path of electrons in the electron-transport-system of the primary photochemical reaction, there are two types of photophosphorylation processes. They are (1) Cyclic photophosphorylation and (2) Noncyclic photophosphorylation. The present post discusses the similarities and differences between cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation with a comparison table.

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