Research Methodology Lecture Notes

What is Science? (About Science and Scientific Knowledge with PPT)


Science Word Definition

What is Science?
(The Concept of Science and Scientific Knowledge)

“Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and
I’m not sure about the former…”

Albert Einstein

What is science?

Ø  Definition of science: Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the world.

Ø  The word ‘science’ is originated from a Latin term ‘scientia’ = KNOWLEDGE.

Ø  Philosophically science is an attempt to understand, explain and predict the world we live.

Ø  Religions also attempt to understand & explain the world. However, religions are NOT considered as science.

What is Knowledge?

Ø  Definition of Knowledge: The expertise and skills acquired by a person by experience or education (Oxfd. Dict.).

Ø  Knowledge is the Theoretical or Practical understanding of a subject gained through complex cognitive processes.

Ø  The cognitive processes to acquire the knowledge are Perception, Learning, Memory, Experience and Judgment.

Ø  Knowledge is the comprehension (conception) of realities of the Universe.

What is Epistemology?

Ø  Epistemology is a branch of philosophy which deals with the study of KNOWLEDGE.

Ø  Epistemology analyzes the nature of knowledge and how it relates truth, belief and justification.

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