Secretory Tissue in Plants PPT (Structure, Classification and Examples)

Plant Science PPT

Secretory Tissue System in Plants PPT
(Structure, Classification, Functions and Examples of Secretory Tissues in Plants)

What is Plant Secretion? What are Secretory Tissues? How Plant Secretory System is Classified? Different Types of Secretory Systems in Plants, External vs Internal Secretory System in Plants, Glandular Trichomes, Nectaries and Hydathodes in Plants, Digestive Glands of Drosera, Salt Glands of Mangrove Plants, Colletors, Floral vs Extra-floral Nectaries, Water Stomata, Guttation, Internal Secretory Cells, Idioblasts, Cystoliths vs Raphides, Secretory Ducts and Cavities in Plants, Lysigenous vs Schizogenous Cavities in Plants, Laticifers in Plants, Articulate and Non-articulate Laticifers, Articulate Anastomosing and Articulate Non-anastomosing Laticifers, Chemical Composition of Latex and many more…

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Botany lecture notes

Secretory Tissue System in Plants (Structure, Classification and Functions + PPT)

secretory cells

Secretory Cells and Tissues in Plants
(Structure and Classification of Secretory Tissue System in Plants with Examples)

What are plant secretions?

Most of the plants release many substances from their cell cytoplasm to the exterior and they are called as Plant-secretions. Among these secretions, some are beneficial to the plant and some are not. The beneficial substances secreted from the plant parts are called as secretions. The chemical composition of plant secretions highly varies. The secretions may be water, nectar, salt, tannins, resins, latex, gums, digestive enzymes, hormones etc.

Secretory Cell/Tissue

Cells or tissue associated with or facilitate the secretion is termed as the secretory cell or secretory tissue. The structure, arrangement and the origin of secretory cells/tissues highly varies.

Classification of Secretory Tissues

Ø  The secretory tissue is broadly classified into two categories based on their position in the plant body. They are

(I). External secretory tissue

(II). Internal secretory tissue

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Gymnosperm Characteristics PPT

Plant Science PPT

Gymnosperms General Characters PPT
(General Characteristics, Life Cycle and Reproduction of Gymnosperms PPT)

What are Gymnosperms? Characteristics of Gymnosperms, Morphology of Gymnosperms, Reproduction of Gymnosperms, Anatomy of Gymnosperms, Male Cone and Female Cone, Microsporophyll and Megasporophyll, Microsporangium and Megasporangium, Megaspore and Microspores of Gymnosperms; Male and Female Gametophytes of Gymnosperms, Fertilization, Zygote and Embryo development of Gymnosperms, Life Cycle and Alternation of Generation of Gymnosperms

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General Characters of Gymnosperms (Lecture Notes with PPT)

characteristics gymnosperms

Gymnosperms – Characteristics
(Morphology, Reproduction and Life Cycle of Gymnosperms with PPT)

Gymnosperms are primitive seed-producing plants of Spermatophytes (Phanerogams). They are ‘Naked-Seed’ Plants. The term is derived from two Greek words: ‘gymnos’ meaning naked and ‘sperma’ meaning seeds. They are characterized by naked ovules (i.e., ovule without the ovary). The ovules of Gymnosperms are borne directly on the surface of the megasporophyls. Unlike Angiosperms, in Gymnosperms the seeds are NOT enclosed in the fruit. Thus the Gymnosperms are also known as “Phanerogams without ovary”.

seeds of gymnosperms

General Characteristics of Gymnosperms


Ø  Gymnosperms are a small ancient group of seed plants consisting of 83 genera and 1080 species.

Ø  Distribution: Temperate and Tropical regions.

Ø  Gymnosperms were originated in the Paleozoic Era (541 – 252 million years ago).

Ø  They were the dominant plants of Jurassic and Cretaceous periods of the Mesozoic era.

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Botany lecture notes

Hydathode or Water Stomata–Structure and Functions (Short Notes)

water stomata notes

Hydathode – Water Stomata
(Structure and Functions of Hydathodes)

What are Hydathodes?

Hydathodes are specialized pores (openings) particularly present on the leaf margins, which exudes or secretes drops of water. The exudation of water as drops from the tip or margin of the leaves is called guttation. The process of guttation is facilitated by the hydathodes.

Ø  They are also called as Water Stomata because they structurally resemble stomata and they facilitate guttation (secretion of droplets of water from the pores of plants).

Ø  Hydathodes are commonly found in Angiosperms, especially in grasses.

Ø  They are also present in some other plants such as water hyacinth, balsam, roses, Hibiscus and rarely in some non-angiospermic plants.

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