mcq biology

Biology MCQ-05: Biochemistry: Amino Acids: Part 1 for JRF/NET Life Science Examination


Biology MCQ with Answers and Explanations
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)

Biology MCQ-6: Biology/Life Science Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) / Model Questions with answers and explanations in Biochemistry: Amino Acids Part 2 for preparing CSIR JRF NET Life Science Examination and also for other competitive examinations in Life Science / Biological Science such as ICMR JRF Entrance, DBT JRF, GATE Life Science, GATE Biotechnology, ICAR, University PG Entrance Exam, JAM, GRE, Medical Entrance Examination etc. This set of practice questions for JRF/NET Life Science will help to build your confidence to face the real examination. A large quantum of questions in our practice MCQ is taken from previous year NET life science question papers. Please take advantage of our NET Lecture Notes, PPTs, Previous Year Questions and Mock Tests for you preparation. You can download these NET study material for free from our SLIDESHARE account (link given below).


Biochemistry: Amino Acids Part 1 (MCQ 5)


.(1). Which of the following amino acid is sweet in taste?

a.       Glycine
b.      Alanine
c.       Glutamic acid
d.      None of these

(2). Which of the following amino acid act as inhibitory neurotransmitter?

a.       Glycine
b.      Alanine
c.       GABA
d.      All of these
e.       None of these

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biological chemistry

Enzyme Specificity (Biochemistry Lecture Notes)


Biochemistry of Enzyme Substrate Specificity and its Classification With Examples

.“There is more to life than increasing its speed…”

                                                                                    Mahatma Gandhi


Enzymes are biological catalysts. They accelerate the rate of metabolic reactions in the cells by reducing the activation energy of the reactants. Almost all enzymes are specialized proteins with definite structural conformations.

Important characteristic features of enzyme are:

1. Catalytic Power (ratio of enzyme catalyzed rate of a reaction to the un-catalyzed rate)

2. Regulation (control of enzymatic reaction)

3. Specificity (Selectivity of enzyme to their substrate)

What is enzyme specificity?

Specificity is the ability of an enzyme to choose exact substrate from a group of similar chemical molecules. The specificity is actually a molecular recognition mechanism and it operates through the structural and conformational complementarity between enzyme and substrate. Enzymes show different degrees of specificity towards their substrate.

how enzyme and substrate binds .. conformational asymmetry of enzyme and substrate

The specificity shown by enzymes are grouped into 6 categories

1.  Bond specificity

2.  Group specificity

3.  Substrate specificity

4.  Stereo specificity (Optical specificity)

5.  Geometrical specificity

6.  Co-factor specificity

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mcq biology

Biology MCQ-04 Biochemistry: Carbohydrates – Part 3 for JRF/NET Life Science Examination

Biology MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions in Life Science)
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)


Biochemistry: Carbohydrates Part 3 (MCQ 04)


1. Which of the following is an example for a trisaccharide?

a.       Verbascose
b.      Stachyose
c.       Raffinose
d.      Sucralose

2. Chrysolaminarin is ________.

a.       A storage polysaccharide of green algae
b.      A storage polysaccharide of brown algae
c.       A storage polysaccharide of red algae
d.      A storage polysaccharide of diatoms

3. Which of the following is an example for an artificial sweetener of saccharide origin?

a.       Sucralose
b.      Saccharin
c.       Stachyose
d.      All of these

4. In a chemical reaction ‘X’ is able to convert Cu2+ ions to Cu+ ions. If ‘X’ is a carbohydrate, which of the following best explains to be the ‘X’?

a.       ‘X’ is a reducing sugar
b.      ‘X’ is a non-reducing sugar
c.       ‘X’ is a monosaccharide
d.      Both (a) and (b)
e.       Both (a) and (c)

5. Which of the following is a reducing sugar?

a.       Glucose in closed ring form
b.      Glucose in open chain form
c.       Sucrose

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mcq biology

Biology MCQ-03 Biochemistry: Carbohydrates – Part 2 for JRF/NET Life Science Examination

Biology MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions in Life Science)
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)


Biochemistry: Carbohydrates Part 2 (MCQ-03)


1.  The vitreous humor of eye is composed of_______.

a.       Heparin
b.      Hyaluronic acid

c.       Keratan Sulfate
d.      Chondroitin sulfate

2. N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG) and N-acetyl muramic acid (NAM) in peptidoglycan is connected by ____glycosidic linkage.

a.       α 1 – 4
b.      β 1 – 4

c.       α 1 – 2
d.      β 1 – 2

3.  Sulbactam is a ____________.

a.       β-lactam antibiotic
b.      β lactamase

c.       β lactamase inhibitor
d.      A class of penicillin

4.  Which of the following is not a sugar molecule of the O-antigen of gram negative bacteria?

a.       Tyvelose
b.      Abequose

c.       2 keto-3-deoxyoctanoate
d.      Teichoic acid

5.  Glycosidic bond between galactose and glucose in lactose is____.

a.       α 1 – 4
b.      β 1 – 4

c.       α 1 – 2
d.      β 1 – 2

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mcq biology

Biology MCQ-02 Biochemistry: Carbohydrates – Part 1 for JRF/NET Life Science Examination

Biology MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions in Life Science)
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)


Biochemistry: Carbohydrates Part 1 (MCQ-02)


1. The general chemical formula of carbohydrate is

a.       (CH2O)n
b.      (CH2O)2n

c.       (CHO)n
d.      CnH2nO

2. Which of the following is an aldotriose?

a.       Dihydroxyacetone
b.      Glyceraldehyde

c.       Ribulose
d.      Erythrose

3. What is the molecular formula of sucrose?

a.      C12H22O11
b.      C10H20O10

c.       C6H12O6
d.      C12H20O11

4. The glycosidic linkage between glucose molecule in maltose is

a.      β 1 – 4
b.      α 1 – 2

c.       α 1 – 4
d.      β 1 – 2

5. A keto pentose will have _____ sterioisomers.

a.      4
b.      6

c.       8
d.      10

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