mcq biology

MCQ on Water, pH and Buffer Systems Part 1 (Multiple Choice Questions in Biochemistry MCQ-11)


mcq on water chemical & physical properties

 (Sample/Model/Practice Questions for CSIR JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF Exam, DBT BET JRF Exam,, GATE BT and XL Exam, ICAR JRF NE Exam, PG Entrance Exam, JAM Exam, GS Biology Exam and Medical Entrance Exam)

(1). Water is liquid at room temperature, the most important reason for this is the:

a.  High boiling point of water
b.  High melting point of water
c.  High heat of vaporization of water
d.  Cohesive forces due to hydrogen bonds in water

(2). Water is a ___

a.  Polar solvent
b.  Non polar solvent
c.   An amphipathic solvent
d.   Non polar uncharged solvent

(3). Polar molecules can readily dissolve in water. This is because:

a.  Polar molecules can form hydrogen bonds with water
b.  Polar molecules can replace water-water interaction with more energetically favourable water-solute interactions
c.  Polar charged water can interact with the charge of polar molecules
d.  All polar molecules are amphipathic in nature

(4). Most important reason for the unusual properties of water is:

a. The covalent bonding pattern in water molecule
b.  The bond angle between the two hydrogen atoms in water
c.   Hydrogen bonding between water molecules
d.  Water can be immediately ionized at room temperature

(5). The H – O – H bond angle in water molecule is:

a.   104.0o
b.   104.5o
c.   105.0o
d.   105.5o

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mcq biology

MCQ on Membrane Lipids with Answer Key & Explanations (Biochemistry MCQ 010)


easybiologyclass, Archaebacterial ether lipids of plasma membrane

For details: Membrane lipids

MCQ on Membrane Lipids
Biochemistry MCQ-010
(Multiple Choice Questions in Biology / Life Science)
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT BET JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)


(1). A genetic disorder caused by mutation in the hexosaminidase enzyme A which hydrolyze the GM2 to GM3 during membrane lipid turnover:

a.       Tay-Sachs syndrome
b.      Fabryi disease
c.       Gauche’s disease
d.      Niemann-Pick disease

(2). The simplest hydrophilic moiety present in the membrane lipid is:

a.       Phosphate group
b.      Hydroxyl group
c.       Amino group
d.      Glucose

(3). Which of the following cellular event can be best regulated by prostaglandins?        

a.       Synthesis of inter cellular cyclic AMP
b.      Synthesis of intra cellular cyclic AMP
c.       Synthesis of inter cellular cyclic GMP
d.      Synthesis of intra cellular cyclic GMP

(4). Which of the following statement is true regarding the solubility of steroids in biological fluids?

a.       Steroids and cholesterols are equally soluble
b.      Steroids are more soluble than cholesterol
c.       Cholesterol are more soluble than steroids
d.      Cholesterol and steroids are completely insoluble

(5). The potent molecular signal molecule Platelet Activating Factor (PAF) is an example for:

a.       Glycolipid
b.      Phospholipid
c.       Ether lipid
d.      Ceramide

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mcq biology

MCQ on Fatty Acids with Answer Key (Biochemistry MCQ-9)


Difference between cis and trans fatty acid

‘cis’ and ‘trans’ fatty acids (source wikipedia)

MCQ on Fatty Acids
Biochemistry MCQ 009
(Multiple Choice Questions in Biology / Life Science)
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT BET JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)


(1). Most commonly occurring fatty acids in nature are:

a.       Even number of carbon atoms in an un-branched chain of 12 – 24 carbons
b.      Odd number of carbon atoms in an un-branched chain of 12 – 24 carbons
c.       Even number of carbon atoms in a branched chain of 12 – 24 carbons
d.      Odd number of carbon atoms in a branched chain of 12 – 24 carbons

(2). In most of the naturally occurring mono-unsaturated fatty acids, the double bonds will be placed between ____________.

a.      C6 – C7
b.      C7 – C8
c.       C8 – C9
d.      C9 – C10

(3). Which of the following molecule acts as a sugar carrier in animals?

a.       Warfarin
b.      Ubiquinone
c.       Plastoquinone
d.      Dolichol

(4). The best source of trans fatty acid in diet is ____________.

a.       Vegetables
b.      Ground nut
c.       Dairy products
d.      Fruits

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biological chemistry

Difference Between Animal Fats and Plant Fats


Saturated fats and Unsaturated fats

Animal fats Vs Plant Fats
Similarities and Difference between Animal Fats and Plant Fats

Fats, oils and waxes are the general terms describing a structurally diverse bio-macromolecule called ‘lipids’. Lipids are esters of glycerol and fatty acids. One glycerol molecule is esterified with three fatty acid residues to form a triglyceride. Physical, chemical and structural diversity of fats varies with the fatty acid composition in the triglycerides. Lipids with saturated fatty acids (saturated fat) tend to be solid at room temperature (25oC) and hence we generally call it as ‘fat’. On the other hand, lipids with unsaturated fatty acids (unsaturated fat) tend to be liquid at room temperature and thus they are called ‘oils’. Lipids are present in all living organisms including Archaebacteria. They are very abundant in plants and animals. Fats of animal origin are called as ‘animal fat’ and those of plants are called ‘plant fats’. In this post we will discuss about what are the difference between animal fats and plant fats.


Similarities between animal fats and plant fats

Ø  Both animal and plant fats are triglycerides (one glycerol esterified with three fatty acid residues)

Ø  Both are food reserve of the cell

Ø  Unsaturated and saturated fats occurs in both plants and animals

Ø  Majority of the physical and chemical characters of animal and plant fats are same


Difference between Animal fats and plant fats

Animal fats (Fats)

1. Example for animal fat: Butter fat, Beef fat

2. Animals fats are relatively rich in saturated fatty acids

3. Animals fats due to their saturation, tend to stay solid at room temperature, hence commonly known as ‘fats’

4. Iodine number of animal fats will be relatively less (iodine number denote the degree of un-saturation in fatty acids)

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mcq biology

MCQ on Lipids and Fats (Biochemistry MCQ 009) with Answer Key


Fat triglyceride shorthand formula

An Unsaturated Fat (source wikipedia)

MCQ on Lipids, Fats & Waxes
Biochemistry MCQ 008
(Multiple Choice Questions in Biology / Life Science)
(Sample/Model/Practice Questions for JRF/NET Life Science Examination, ICMR JRF, DBT BET JRF, GATE, ICAR NET, PG Entrance)


(1). Which of the following molecule can act as molecular chaperons for assisting the folding of proteins?

a.      Carbohydrates
b.      Vitamins
c.       Lipids
d.      Amides

(2). Which of the following macro-molecule can be most structurally diverse among living world?

a.      Carbohydrates
b.      Proteins
c.       Nucleic acids
d.      Lipids

(3). Fat storing cells of vertebrates are called

a.      Hepatocytes
b.      Asterocytes
c.       Adipocytes
d.      Melanocytes

(4). The enzyme abundantly distributed in adipocytes and germinating seeds are

a.      Proteases
b.      Lipase
c.       Cellulase
d.      Nuclease

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